Monday, June 7, 2021

Python PIP Upgrade or Install Fails : SSL: CERTIFICATE_VERIFY_FAILED behind Proxy

If you're behind a proxy or getting these errors when installing or upgrading python packages or PIP itself

python -m pip install --upgrade pip

WARNING: Retrying (Retry(total=4, connect=None, read=None, redirect=None, status=None)) after connection broken by 'SSLError(SSLCertVerificationError(1, '[SSL: CERTIFICATE_VERIFY_FAILED] certificate verify failed: self signed certificate in certificate chain (_ssl.c:1123)'))': /simple/pip/


Then try these extra parameters to trust Python sites (only do this if you trust the proxy)

python -m pip install --trusted-host pypi.org --trusted-host files.pythonhosted.org --upgrade pip

Collecting pip

  Downloading pip-21.1.2-py3-none-any.whl (1.5 MB)

     |████████████████████████████████| 1.5 MB 1.3 MB/s

Friday, June 4, 2021

Windows Event TimeGenerated TimeWritten Date Conversion Powershell

In windows event logs if you see


TimeGenerated=1622614277	TimeWritten=1622614277	


and want the actual time use the .NET/powershell code


[timezone]::CurrentTimeZone.ToLocalTime(([datetime]'1/1/1970').AddSeconds("1622614277"))


Wednesday, June 2, 2021 1:11:17 AM

Wednesday, May 5, 2021

PowerView Invoke-ShareFinder sample

#sample partial of powerview powershell script (note: must be run on 32bit/x86 powershell)

#https://www.blackhillsinfosec.com/finding-buried-treasure-in-server-message-block-smb/

iex (get-content .\filefinds.ps1 |out-string)

PS C:\> Get-NetComputer –OperatingSystem *2003* | Out-File –Encoding ASCII Windows2003Hosts.txt 

PS C:\> Get-NetComputer –OperatingSystem *2008* | Out-File –Encoding ASCII Windows2008Hosts.txt 

PS C:\> Get-NetComputer –OperatingSystem *2012* | Out-File –Encoding ASCII Windows2012Hosts.txt 

PS C:\> Get-NetComputer –OperatingSystem *2016* | Out-File –Encoding ASCII Windows2016Hosts.txt 

PS C:\> Get-NetComputer –OperatingSystem *2019* | Out-File –Encoding ASCII Windows2019Hosts.txt 

PS C:\> Get-NetComputer –OperatingSystem *XP* | Out-File –Encoding ASCII WindowsXPHosts.txt 

PS C:\> Get-NetComputer –OperatingSystem *7* | Out-File –Encoding ASCII Windows7Hosts.txt 

PS C:\> Get-NetComputer –OperatingSystem * 8* | Out-File –Encoding ASCII Windows8Hosts.txt 

PS C:\> Get-NetComputer –OperatingSystem *10* | Out-File –Encoding ASCII Windows10Hosts.txt 

PS C:\> Invoke-ShareFinder –ComputerFile Windows2003Hosts.txt -NoPing –ExcludeIPC –ExcludePrint –CheckShareAccess | Out-File –Encoding ASCII Windows2003Shares.txt 

PS C:\> Invoke-ShareFinder –ComputerFile Windows2008Hosts.txt -NoPing –ExcludeIPC –ExcludePrint –CheckShareAccess | Out-File –Encoding ASCII Windows2008Shares.txt 

PS C:\> Invoke-ShareFinder –ComputerFile Windows2012Hosts.txt -NoPing –ExcludeIPC –ExcludePrint –CheckShareAccess | Out-File –Encoding ASCII Windows2012Shares.txt 

PS C:\> Invoke-ShareFinder –ComputerFile Windows2016Hosts.txt -NoPing –ExcludeIPC –ExcludePrint –CheckShareAccess | Out-File –Encoding ASCII Windows2016Shares.txt 

PS C:\> Invoke-ShareFinder –ComputerFile Windows2019Hosts.txt -NoPing –ExcludeIPC –ExcludePrint –CheckShareAccess | Out-File –Encoding ASCII Windows2019Shares.txt 

PS C:\> Invoke-ShareFinder –ComputerFile WindowsXPHosts.txt -NoPing –ExcludeIPC –ExcludePrint –CheckShareAccess | Out-File –Encoding ASCII WindowsXPShares.txt 

PS C:\> Invoke-ShareFinder –ComputerFile Windows7Hosts.txt -NoPing –ExcludeIPC –ExcludePrint –CheckShareAccess | Out-File –Encoding ASCII Windows7Shares.txt 

PS C:\> Invoke-ShareFinder –ComputerFile Windows8Hosts.txt -NoPing –ExcludeIPC –ExcludePrint –CheckShareAccess | Out-File –Encoding ASCII Windows8Shares.txt 

PS C:\> Invoke-ShareFinder –ComputerFile Windows10Hosts.txt -NoPing –ExcludeIPC –ExcludePrint –CheckShareAccess | Out-File –Encoding ASCII Windows10Shares.txt 


---------------------

findfiles.ps1

----------------------------


function Get-NetDomain {


    [CmdletBinding()]

    param(

        [Parameter(ValueFromPipeline=$True)]

        [String]

        $Domain

    )


    process {

        if($Domain) {

            $DomainContext = New-Object System.DirectoryServices.ActiveDirectory.DirectoryContext('Domain', $Domain)

            try {

                [System.DirectoryServices.ActiveDirectory.Domain]::GetDomain($DomainContext)

            }

            catch {

                Write-Warning "The specified domain $Domain does not exist, could not be contacted, or there isn't an existing trust."

                $Null

            }

        }

        else {

            [System.DirectoryServices.ActiveDirectory.Domain]::GetCurrentDomain()

        }

    }

}


function Convert-LDAPProperty {

    # helper to convert specific LDAP property result fields

    param(

        [Parameter(Mandatory=$True,ValueFromPipeline=$True)]

        [ValidateNotNullOrEmpty()]

        $Properties

    )


    $ObjectProperties = @{}


    $Properties.PropertyNames | ForEach-Object {

        if (($_ -eq "objectsid") -or ($_ -eq "sidhistory")) {

            # convert the SID to a string

            $ObjectProperties[$_] = (New-Object System.Security.Principal.SecurityIdentifier($Properties[$_][0],0)).Value

        }

        elseif($_ -eq "objectguid") {

            # convert the GUID to a string

            $ObjectProperties[$_] = (New-Object Guid (,$Properties[$_][0])).Guid

        }

        elseif( ($_ -eq "lastlogon") -or ($_ -eq "lastlogontimestamp") -or ($_ -eq "pwdlastset") -or ($_ -eq "lastlogoff") -or ($_ -eq "badPasswordTime") ) {

            # convert timestamps

            if ($Properties[$_][0] -is [System.MarshalByRefObject]) {

                # if we have a System.__ComObject

                $Temp = $Properties[$_][0]

                [Int32]$High = $Temp.GetType().InvokeMember("HighPart", [System.Reflection.BindingFlags]::GetProperty, $null, $Temp, $null)

                [Int32]$Low  = $Temp.GetType().InvokeMember("LowPart",  [System.Reflection.BindingFlags]::GetProperty, $null, $Temp, $null)

                $ObjectProperties[$_] = ([datetime]::FromFileTime([Int64]("0x{0:x8}{1:x8}" -f $High, $Low)))

            }

            else {

                $ObjectProperties[$_] = ([datetime]::FromFileTime(($Properties[$_][0])))

            }

        }

        elseif($Properties[$_][0] -is [System.MarshalByRefObject]) {

            # convert misc com objects

            $Prop = $Properties[$_]

            try {

                $Temp = $Prop[$_][0]

                Write-Verbose $_

                [Int32]$High = $Temp.GetType().InvokeMember("HighPart", [System.Reflection.BindingFlags]::GetProperty, $null, $Temp, $null)

                [Int32]$Low  = $Temp.GetType().InvokeMember("LowPart",  [System.Reflection.BindingFlags]::GetProperty, $null, $Temp, $null)

                $ObjectProperties[$_] = [Int64]("0x{0:x8}{1:x8}" -f $High, $Low)

            }

            catch {

                $ObjectProperties[$_] = $Prop[$_]

            }

        }

        elseif($Properties[$_].count -eq 1) {

            $ObjectProperties[$_] = $Properties[$_][0]

        }

        else {

            $ObjectProperties[$_] = $Properties[$_]

        }

    }


    New-Object -TypeName PSObject -Property $ObjectProperties

}



function Get-NetForest {


    [CmdletBinding()]

    param(

        [Parameter(ValueFromPipeline=$True)]

        [String]

        $Forest

    )


    process {

        if($Forest) {

            $ForestContext = New-Object System.DirectoryServices.ActiveDirectory.DirectoryContext('Forest', $Forest)

            try {

                $ForestObject = [System.DirectoryServices.ActiveDirectory.Forest]::GetForest($ForestContext)

            }

            catch {

                Write-Debug "The specified forest $Forest does not exist, could not be contacted, or there isn't an existing trust."

                $Null

            }

        }

        else {

            # otherwise use the current forest

            $ForestObject = [System.DirectoryServices.ActiveDirectory.Forest]::GetCurrentForest()

        }


        if($ForestObject) {

            # get the SID of the forest root

            $ForestSid = (New-Object System.Security.Principal.NTAccount($ForestObject.RootDomain,"krbtgt")).Translate([System.Security.Principal.SecurityIdentifier]).Value

            $Parts = $ForestSid -Split "-"

            $ForestSid = $Parts[0..$($Parts.length-2)] -join "-"

            $ForestObject | Add-Member NoteProperty 'RootDomainSid' $ForestSid

            $ForestObject

        }

    }

}




function Get-NetForestDomain {


    [CmdletBinding()]

    param(

        [Parameter(ValueFromPipeline=$True)]

        [String]

        $Forest,


        [String]

        $Domain

    )


    process {

        if($Domain) {

            # try to detect a wild card so we use -like

            if($Domain.Contains('*')) {

                (Get-NetForest -Forest $Forest).Domains | Where-Object {$_.Name -like $Domain}

            }

            else {

                # match the exact domain name if there's not a wildcard

                (Get-NetForest -Forest $Forest).Domains | Where-Object {$_.Name.ToLower() -eq $Domain.ToLower()}

            }

        }

        else {

            # return all domains

            $ForestObject = Get-NetForest -Forest $Forest

            if($ForestObject) {

                $ForestObject.Domains

            }

        }

    }

}



function Get-DomainSearcher {



    [CmdletBinding()]

    param(

        [String]

        $Domain,


        [String]

        $DomainController,


        [String]

        $ADSpath,


        [String]

        $ADSprefix,


        [ValidateRange(1,10000)] 

        [Int]

        $PageSize = 200

    )


    if(!$Domain) {

        $Domain = (Get-NetDomain).name

    }

    else {

        if(!$DomainController) {

            try {

                # if there's no -DomainController specified, try to pull the primary DC

                #   to reflect queries through

                $DomainController = ((Get-NetDomain).PdcRoleOwner).Name

            }

            catch {

                throw "Get-DomainSearcher: Error in retrieving PDC for current domain"

            }

        }

    }


    $SearchString = "LDAP://"


    if($DomainController) {

        $SearchString += $DomainController + "/"

    }

    if($ADSprefix) {

        $SearchString += $ADSprefix + ","

    }


    if($ADSpath) {

        if($ADSpath -like "GC://*") {

            # if we're searching the global catalog

            $DistinguishedName = $AdsPath

            $SearchString = ""

        }

        else {

            if($ADSpath -like "LDAP://*") {

                $ADSpath = $ADSpath.Substring(7)

            }

            $DistinguishedName = $ADSpath

        }

    }

    else {

        $DistinguishedName = "DC=$($Domain.Replace('.', ',DC='))"

    }


    $SearchString += $DistinguishedName

    Write-Verbose "Get-DomainSearcher search string: $SearchString"


    $Searcher = New-Object System.DirectoryServices.DirectorySearcher([ADSI]$SearchString)

    $Searcher.PageSize = $PageSize

    $Searcher

}



function Get-NetComputer {


    [CmdletBinding()]

    Param (

        [Parameter(ValueFromPipeline=$True)]

        [Alias('HostName')]

        [String]

        $ComputerName = '*',


        [String]

        $SPN,


        [String]

        $OperatingSystem,


        [String]

        $ServicePack,


        [String]

        $Filter,


        [Switch]

        $Printers,


        [Switch]

        $Ping,


        [Switch]

        $FullData,


        [String]

        $Domain,


        [String]

        $DomainController,


        [String]

        $ADSpath,


        [Switch]

        $Unconstrained,


        [ValidateRange(1,10000)] 

        [Int]

        $PageSize = 200

    )


begin {

        # so this isn't repeated if users are passed on the pipeline

        $CompSearcher = Get-DomainSearcher -Domain $Domain -DomainController $DomainController -ADSpath $ADSpath -PageSize $PageSize

    }

    process {


        if ($CompSearcher) {


            # if we're checking for unconstrained delegation

            if($Unconstrained) {

                Write-Verbose "Searching for computers with for unconstrained delegation"

                $Filter += "(userAccountControl:1.2.840.113556.1.4.803:=524288)"

            }

            # set the filters for the seracher if it exists

            if($Printers) {

                Write-Verbose "Searching for printers"

                # $CompSearcher.filter="(&(objectCategory=printQueue)$Filter)"

                $Filter += "(objectCategory=printQueue)"

            }

            if($SPN) {

                Write-Verbose "Searching for computers with SPN: $SPN"

                $Filter += "(servicePrincipalName=$SPN)"

            }

            if($OperatingSystem) {

                $Filter += "(operatingsystem=$OperatingSystem)"

            }

            if($ServicePack) {

                $Filter += "(operatingsystemservicepack=$ServicePack)"

            }


            $CompSearcher.filter = "(&(sAMAccountType=805306369)(dnshostname=$ComputerName)$Filter)"


            try {


                $CompSearcher.FindAll() | Where-Object {$_} | ForEach-Object {

                    $Up = $True

                    if($Ping) {

                        # TODO: how can these results be piped to ping for a speedup?

                        $Up = Test-Connection -Count 1 -Quiet -ComputerName $_.properties.dnshostname

                    }

                    if($Up) {

                        # return full data objects

                        if ($FullData) {

                            # convert/process the LDAP fields for each result

                            Convert-LDAPProperty -Properties $_.Properties

                        }

                        else {

                            # otherwise we're just returning the DNS host name

                            $_.properties.dnshostname

                        }

                    }

                }

            }

            catch {

                Write-Warning "Error: $_"

            }

        }

    }

}



function Get-NameField {

    [CmdletBinding()]

    param(

        [Parameter(Mandatory=$True,ValueFromPipeline=$True)]

        $Object

    )

    process {

        if($Object) {

            if ( [bool]($Object.PSobject.Properties.name -match "dnshostname") ) {

                # objects from Get-NetComputer

                $Object.dnshostname

            }

            elseif ( [bool]($Object.PSobject.Properties.name -match "name") ) {

                # objects from Get-NetDomainController

                $Object.name

            }

            else {

                # strings and catch alls

                $Object

            }

        }

        else {

            return $Null

        }

    }

}


function Get-NetShare {



    [CmdletBinding()]

    param(

        [Parameter(ValueFromPipeline=$True)]

        [Alias('HostName')]

        [String]

        $ComputerName = 'localhost'

    )


    begin {

        if ($PSBoundParameters['Debug']) {

            $DebugPreference = 'Continue'

        }

    }


    process {


        # process multiple host object types from the pipeline

        $ComputerName = Get-NameField -Object $ComputerName


        # arguments for NetShareEnum

        $QueryLevel = 1

        $PtrInfo = [IntPtr]::Zero

        $EntriesRead = 0

        $TotalRead = 0

        $ResumeHandle = 0


        # get the share information

        $Result = $Netapi32::NetShareEnum($ComputerName, $QueryLevel, [ref]$PtrInfo, -1, [ref]$EntriesRead, [ref]$TotalRead, [ref]$ResumeHandle)


        # Locate the offset of the initial intPtr

        $Offset = $PtrInfo.ToInt64()


        Write-Debug "Get-NetShare result: $Result"


        # 0 = success

        if (($Result -eq 0) -and ($Offset -gt 0)) {


            # Work out how mutch to increment the pointer by finding out the size of the structure

            $Increment = $SHARE_INFO_1::GetSize()


            # parse all the result structures

            for ($i = 0; ($i -lt $EntriesRead); $i++) {

                # create a new int ptr at the given offset and cast

                #   the pointer as our result structure

                $NewIntPtr = New-Object System.Intptr -ArgumentList $Offset

                $Info = $NewIntPtr -as $SHARE_INFO_1

                # return all the sections of the structure

                $Info | Select-Object *

                $Offset = $NewIntPtr.ToInt64()

                $Offset += $Increment

            }


            # free up the result buffer

            $Null = $Netapi32::NetApiBufferFree($PtrInfo)

        }

        else

        {

            switch ($Result) {

                (5)           {Write-Debug 'The user does not have access to the requested information.'}

                (124)         {Write-Debug 'The value specified for the level parameter is not valid.'}

                (87)          {Write-Debug 'The specified parameter is not valid.'}

                (234)         {Write-Debug 'More entries are available. Specify a large enough buffer to receive all entries.'}

                (8)           {Write-Debug 'Insufficient memory is available.'}

                (2312)        {Write-Debug 'A session does not exist with the computer name.'}

                (2351)        {Write-Debug 'The computer name is not valid.'}

                (2221)        {Write-Debug 'Username not found.'}

                (53)          {Write-Debug 'Hostname could not be found'}

            }

        }

    }

}




function Invoke-ShareFinder {


    [CmdletBinding()]

    param(

        [Parameter(Position=0,ValueFromPipeline=$True)]

        [Alias('Hosts')]

        [String[]]

        $ComputerName,


        [ValidateScript({Test-Path -Path $_ })]

        [Alias('HostList')]

        [String]

        $ComputerFile,


        [String]

        $ComputerFilter,


        [String]

        $ComputerADSpath,


        [Switch]

        $ExcludeStandard,


        [Switch]

        $ExcludePrint,


        [Switch]

        $ExcludeIPC,


        [Switch]

        $NoPing,


        [Switch]

        $CheckShareAccess,


        [Switch]

        $CheckAdmin,


        [UInt32]

        $Delay = 0,


        [Double]

        $Jitter = .3,


        [String]

        $Domain,


        [String]

        $DomainController,

 

        [Switch]

        $SearchForest,


        [ValidateRange(1,100)] 

        [Int]

        $Threads

    )


    begin {

        if ($PSBoundParameters['Debug']) {

            $DebugPreference = 'Continue'

        }


        # random object for delay

        $RandNo = New-Object System.Random


        Write-Verbose "[*] Running Invoke-ShareFinder with delay of $Delay"


        # figure out the shares we want to ignore

        [String[]] $ExcludedShares = @('')


        if ($ExcludePrint) {

            $ExcludedShares = $ExcludedShares + "PRINT$"

        }

        if ($ExcludeIPC) {

            $ExcludedShares = $ExcludedShares + "IPC$"

        }

        if ($ExcludeStandard) {

            $ExcludedShares = @('', "ADMIN$", "IPC$", "C$", "PRINT$")

        }


        if(!$ComputerName) { 


            if($Domain) {

                $TargetDomains = @($Domain)

            }

            elseif($SearchForest) {

                # get ALL the domains in the forest to search

                $TargetDomains = Get-NetForestDomain | ForEach-Object { $_.Name }

            }

            else {

                # use the local domain

                $TargetDomains = @( (Get-NetDomain).name )

            }


            # if we're using a host file list, read the targets in and add them to the target list

            if($ComputerFile) {

                $ComputerName = Get-Content -Path $ComputerFile

            }

            else {

                [array]$ComputerName = @()

                ForEach ($Domain in $TargetDomains) {

                    Write-Verbose "[*] Querying domain $Domain for hosts"

                    $ComputerName += Get-NetComputer -Domain $Domain -DomainController $DomainController -Filter $ComputerFilter -ADSpath $ComputerADSpath

                }

            }


            # remove any null target hosts, uniquify the list and shuffle it

            $ComputerName = $ComputerName | Where-Object { $_ } | Sort-Object -Unique | Sort-Object { Get-Random }

            if($($ComputerName.count) -eq 0) {

                throw "No hosts found!"

            }

        }


        # script block that enumerates a server

        $HostEnumBlock = {

            param($ComputerName, $Ping, $CheckShareAccess, $ExcludedShares, $CheckAdmin)


            # optionally check if the server is up first

            $Up = $True

            if($Ping) {

                $Up = Test-Connection -Count 1 -Quiet -ComputerName $ComputerName

            }

            if($Up) {

                # get the shares for this host and check what we find

                $Shares = Get-NetShare -ComputerName $ComputerName

                ForEach ($Share in $Shares) {

                    Write-Debug "[*] Server share: $Share"

                    $NetName = $Share.shi1_netname

                    $Remark = $Share.shi1_remark

                    $Path = '\\'+$ComputerName+'\'+$NetName


                    # make sure we get a real share name back

                    if (($NetName) -and ($NetName.trim() -ne '')) {

                        # if we're just checking for access to ADMIN$

                        if($CheckAdmin) {

                            if($NetName.ToUpper() -eq "ADMIN$") {

                                try {

                                    $Null = [IO.Directory]::GetFiles($Path)

                                    "\\$ComputerName\$NetName `t- $Remark"

                                }

                                catch {

                                    Write-Debug "Error accessing path $Path : $_"

                                }

                            }

                        }

                        # skip this share if it's in the exclude list

                        elseif ($ExcludedShares -NotContains $NetName.ToUpper()) {

                            # see if we want to check access to this share

                            if($CheckShareAccess) {

                                # check if the user has access to this path

                                try {

                                    $Null = [IO.Directory]::GetFiles($Path)

                                    "\\$ComputerName\$NetName `t- $Remark"

                                }

                                catch {

                                    Write-Debug "Error accessing path $Path : $_"

                                }

                            }

                            else {

                                "\\$ComputerName\$NetName `t- $Remark"

                            }

                        }

                    }

                }

            }

        }


    }


    process {


        if($Threads) {

            Write-Verbose "Using threading with threads = $Threads"


            # if we're using threading, kick off the script block with Invoke-ThreadedFunction

            $ScriptParams = @{

                'Ping' = $(-not $NoPing)

                'CheckShareAccess' = $CheckShareAccess

                'ExcludedShares' = $ExcludedShares

                'CheckAdmin' = $CheckAdmin

            }


            # kick off the threaded script block + arguments 

            Invoke-ThreadedFunction -ComputerName $ComputerName -ScriptBlock $HostEnumBlock -ScriptParameters $ScriptParams

        }


        else {

            if(-not $NoPing -and ($ComputerName.count -ne 1)) {

                # ping all hosts in parallel

                $Ping = {param($ComputerName) if(Test-Connection -ComputerName $ComputerName -Count 1 -Quiet -ErrorAction Stop){$ComputerName}}

                $ComputerName = Invoke-ThreadedFunction -NoImports -ComputerName $ComputerName -ScriptBlock $Ping -Threads 100

            }


            Write-Verbose "[*] Total number of active hosts: $($ComputerName.count)"

            $Counter = 0


            ForEach ($Computer in $ComputerName) {


                $Counter = $Counter + 1


                # sleep for our semi-randomized interval

                Start-Sleep -Seconds $RandNo.Next((1-$Jitter)*$Delay, (1+$Jitter)*$Delay)


                Write-Verbose "[*] Enumerating server $Computer ($Counter of $($ComputerName.count))"

                Invoke-Command -ScriptBlock $HostEnumBlock -ArgumentList $Computer, $False, $CheckShareAccess, $ExcludedShares, $CheckAdmin

            }

        }

        

    }

}


function func

{

    Param

    (

        [Parameter(Position = 0, Mandatory = $True)]

        [String]

        $DllName,


        [Parameter(Position = 1, Mandatory = $True)]

        [String]

        $FunctionName,


        [Parameter(Position = 2, Mandatory = $True)]

        [Type]

        $ReturnType,


        [Parameter(Position = 3)]

        [Type[]]

        $ParameterTypes,


        [Parameter(Position = 4)]

        [Runtime.InteropServices.CallingConvention]

        $NativeCallingConvention,


        [Parameter(Position = 5)]

        [Runtime.InteropServices.CharSet]

        $Charset,


        [Switch]

        $SetLastError

    )


    $Properties = @{

        DllName = $DllName

        FunctionName = $FunctionName

        ReturnType = $ReturnType

    }


    if ($ParameterTypes) { $Properties['ParameterTypes'] = $ParameterTypes }

    if ($NativeCallingConvention) { $Properties['NativeCallingConvention'] = $NativeCallingConvention }

    if ($Charset) { $Properties['Charset'] = $Charset }

    if ($SetLastError) { $Properties['SetLastError'] = $SetLastError }


    New-Object PSObject -Property $Properties

}


function psenum

{



    [OutputType([Type])]

    Param

    (

        [Parameter(Position = 0, Mandatory = $True)]

        [ValidateScript({($_ -is [Reflection.Emit.ModuleBuilder]) -or ($_ -is [Reflection.Assembly])})]

        $Module,


        [Parameter(Position = 1, Mandatory = $True)]

        [ValidateNotNullOrEmpty()]

        [String]

        $FullName,


        [Parameter(Position = 2, Mandatory = $True)]

        [Type]

        $Type,


        [Parameter(Position = 3, Mandatory = $True)]

        [ValidateNotNullOrEmpty()]

        [Hashtable]

        $EnumElements,


        [Switch]

        $Bitfield

    )



    if ($Module -is [Reflection.Assembly])

    {

        $k = ($Module.GetType($FullName))

return $k

    }


    $EnumType = $Type -as [Type]


    $EnumBuilder = $Module.DefineEnum($FullName, 'Public', $EnumType)

    if ($Bitfield)

    {

        $FlagsConstructor = [FlagsAttribute].GetConstructor(@())

        $FlagsCustomAttribute = New-Object Reflection.Emit.CustomAttributeBuilder($FlagsConstructor, @())

        $EnumBuilder.SetCustomAttribute($FlagsCustomAttribute)

    }

    ForEach ($Key in $EnumElements.Keys)

    {

        # Apply the specified enum type to each element

        $Null = $EnumBuilder.DefineLiteral($Key, $EnumElements[$Key] -as $EnumType)

    }

    $EnumBuilder.CreateType()

}



# A helper function used to reduce typing while defining struct

# fields.

function field

{

    Param

    (

        [Parameter(Position = 0, Mandatory = $True)]

        [UInt16]

        $Position,


        [Parameter(Position = 1, Mandatory = $True)]

        [Type]

        $Type,


        [Parameter(Position = 2)]

        [UInt16]

        $Offset,


        [Object[]]

        $MarshalAs

    )


    @{

        Position = $Position

        Type = $Type -as [Type]

        Offset = $Offset

        MarshalAs = $MarshalAs

    }

}



function struct

{



    [OutputType([Type])]

    Param

    (

        [Parameter(Position = 1, Mandatory = $True)]

        [ValidateScript({($_ -is [Reflection.Emit.ModuleBuilder]) -or ($_ -is [Reflection.Assembly])})]

        $Module,


        [Parameter(Position = 2, Mandatory = $True)]

        [ValidateNotNullOrEmpty()]

        [String]

        $FullName,


        [Parameter(Position = 3, Mandatory = $True)]

        [ValidateNotNullOrEmpty()]

        [Hashtable]

        $StructFields,


        [Reflection.Emit.PackingSize]

        $PackingSize = [Reflection.Emit.PackingSize]::Unspecified,


        [Switch]

        $ExplicitLayout

    )


    if ($Module -is [Reflection.Assembly])

    {

        return ($Module.GetType($FullName))

    }


    [Reflection.TypeAttributes] $StructAttributes = 'AnsiClass,

        Class,

        Public,

        Sealed,

        BeforeFieldInit'


    if ($ExplicitLayout)

    {

        $StructAttributes = $StructAttributes -bor [Reflection.TypeAttributes]::ExplicitLayout

    }

    else

    {

        $StructAttributes = $StructAttributes -bor [Reflection.TypeAttributes]::SequentialLayout

    }


    $StructBuilder = $Module.DefineType($FullName, $StructAttributes, [ValueType], $PackingSize)

    $ConstructorInfo = [Runtime.InteropServices.MarshalAsAttribute].GetConstructors()[0]

    $SizeConst = @([Runtime.InteropServices.MarshalAsAttribute].GetField('SizeConst'))


    $Fields = New-Object Hashtable[]($StructFields.Count)


    # Sort each field according to the orders specified

    # Unfortunately, PSv2 doesn't have the luxury of the

    # hashtable [Ordered] accelerator.

    ForEach ($Field in $StructFields.Keys)

    {

        $Index = $StructFields[$Field]['Position']

        $Fields[$Index] = @{FieldName = $Field; Properties = $StructFields[$Field]}

    }


    ForEach ($Field in $Fields)

    {

        $FieldName = $Field['FieldName']

        $FieldProp = $Field['Properties']


        $Offset = $FieldProp['Offset']

        $Type = $FieldProp['Type']

        $MarshalAs = $FieldProp['MarshalAs']


        $NewField = $StructBuilder.DefineField($FieldName, $Type, 'Public')


        if ($MarshalAs)

        {

            $UnmanagedType = $MarshalAs[0] -as ([Runtime.InteropServices.UnmanagedType])

            if ($MarshalAs[1])

            {

                $Size = $MarshalAs[1]

                $AttribBuilder = New-Object Reflection.Emit.CustomAttributeBuilder($ConstructorInfo,

                    $UnmanagedType, $SizeConst, @($Size))

            }

            else

            {

                $AttribBuilder = New-Object Reflection.Emit.CustomAttributeBuilder($ConstructorInfo, [Object[]] @($UnmanagedType))

            }


            $NewField.SetCustomAttribute($AttribBuilder)

        }


        if ($ExplicitLayout) { $NewField.SetOffset($Offset) }

    }


    # Make the struct aware of its own size.

    # No more having to call [Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::SizeOf!

    $SizeMethod = $StructBuilder.DefineMethod('GetSize',

        'Public, Static',

        [Int],

        [Type[]] @())

    $ILGenerator = $SizeMethod.GetILGenerator()

    # Thanks for the help, Jason Shirk!

    $ILGenerator.Emit([Reflection.Emit.OpCodes]::Ldtoken, $StructBuilder)

    $ILGenerator.Emit([Reflection.Emit.OpCodes]::Call,

        [Type].GetMethod('GetTypeFromHandle'))

    $ILGenerator.Emit([Reflection.Emit.OpCodes]::Call,

        [Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal].GetMethod('SizeOf', [Type[]] @([Type])))

    $ILGenerator.Emit([Reflection.Emit.OpCodes]::Ret)


    # Allow for explicit casting from an IntPtr

    # No more having to call [Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::PtrToStructure!

    $ImplicitConverter = $StructBuilder.DefineMethod('op_Implicit',

        'PrivateScope, Public, Static, HideBySig, SpecialName',

        $StructBuilder,

        [Type[]] @([IntPtr]))

    $ILGenerator2 = $ImplicitConverter.GetILGenerator()

    $ILGenerator2.Emit([Reflection.Emit.OpCodes]::Nop)

    $ILGenerator2.Emit([Reflection.Emit.OpCodes]::Ldarg_0)

    $ILGenerator2.Emit([Reflection.Emit.OpCodes]::Ldtoken, $StructBuilder)

    $ILGenerator2.Emit([Reflection.Emit.OpCodes]::Call,

        [Type].GetMethod('GetTypeFromHandle'))

    $ILGenerator2.Emit([Reflection.Emit.OpCodes]::Call,

        [Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal].GetMethod('PtrToStructure', [Type[]] @([IntPtr], [Type])))

    $ILGenerator2.Emit([Reflection.Emit.OpCodes]::Unbox_Any, $StructBuilder)

    $ILGenerator2.Emit([Reflection.Emit.OpCodes]::Ret)


    $StructBuilder.CreateType()

}


function Add-Win32Type

{



    [OutputType([Hashtable])]

    Param(

        [Parameter(Mandatory = $True, ValueFromPipelineByPropertyName = $True)]

        [String]

        $DllName,


        [Parameter(Mandatory = $True, ValueFromPipelineByPropertyName = $True)]

        [String]

        $FunctionName,


        [Parameter(Mandatory = $True, ValueFromPipelineByPropertyName = $True)]

        [Type]

        $ReturnType,


        [Parameter(ValueFromPipelineByPropertyName = $True)]

        [Type[]]

        $ParameterTypes,


        [Parameter(ValueFromPipelineByPropertyName = $True)]

        [Runtime.InteropServices.CallingConvention]

        $NativeCallingConvention = [Runtime.InteropServices.CallingConvention]::StdCall,


        [Parameter(ValueFromPipelineByPropertyName = $True)]

        [Runtime.InteropServices.CharSet]

        $Charset = [Runtime.InteropServices.CharSet]::Auto,


        [Parameter(ValueFromPipelineByPropertyName = $True)]

        [Switch]

        $SetLastError,


        [Parameter(Mandatory = $True)]

        [ValidateScript({($_ -is [Reflection.Emit.ModuleBuilder]) -or ($_ -is [Reflection.Assembly])})]

        $Module,


        [ValidateNotNull()]

        [String]

        $Namespace = ''

    )


    BEGIN

    {

        $TypeHash = @{}

    }


    PROCESS

    {

        if ($Module -is [Reflection.Assembly])

        {

            if ($Namespace)

            {

                $TypeHash[$DllName] = $Module.GetType("$Namespace.$DllName")

            }

            else

            {

                $TypeHash[$DllName] = $Module.GetType($DllName)

            }

        }

        else

        {

            # Define one type for each DLL

            if (!$TypeHash.ContainsKey($DllName))

            {

                if ($Namespace)

                {

                    $TypeHash[$DllName] = $Module.DefineType("$Namespace.$DllName", 'Public,BeforeFieldInit')

                }

                else

                {

                    $TypeHash[$DllName] = $Module.DefineType($DllName, 'Public,BeforeFieldInit')

                }

            }


            $Method = $TypeHash[$DllName].DefineMethod(

                $FunctionName,

                'Public,Static,PinvokeImpl',

                $ReturnType,

                $ParameterTypes)


            # Make each ByRef parameter an Out parameter

            $i = 1

            ForEach($Parameter in $ParameterTypes)

            {

                if ($Parameter.IsByRef)

                {

                    [void] $Method.DefineParameter($i, 'Out', $Null)

                }


                $i++

            }


            $DllImport = [Runtime.InteropServices.DllImportAttribute]

            $SetLastErrorField = $DllImport.GetField('SetLastError')

            $CallingConventionField = $DllImport.GetField('CallingConvention')

            $CharsetField = $DllImport.GetField('CharSet')

            if ($SetLastError) { $SLEValue = $True } else { $SLEValue = $False }


            # Equivalent to C# version of [DllImport(DllName)]

            $Constructor = [Runtime.InteropServices.DllImportAttribute].GetConstructor([String])

            $DllImportAttribute = New-Object Reflection.Emit.CustomAttributeBuilder($Constructor,

                $DllName, [Reflection.PropertyInfo[]] @(), [Object[]] @(),

                [Reflection.FieldInfo[]] @($SetLastErrorField, $CallingConventionField, $CharsetField),

                [Object[]] @($SLEValue, ([Runtime.InteropServices.CallingConvention] $NativeCallingConvention), ([Runtime.InteropServices.CharSet] $Charset)))


            $Method.SetCustomAttribute($DllImportAttribute)

        }

    }


    END

    {

        if ($Module -is [Reflection.Assembly])

        {

            return $TypeHash

        }


        $ReturnTypes = @{}


        ForEach ($Key in $TypeHash.Keys)

        {

            $Type = $TypeHash[$Key].CreateType()


            $ReturnTypes[$Key] = $Type

        }


        return $ReturnTypes

    }

}


function New-InMemoryModule

{



    Param

    (

        [Parameter(Position = 0)]

        [ValidateNotNullOrEmpty()]

        [String]

        $ModuleName = [Guid]::NewGuid().ToString()

    )


    $LoadedAssemblies = [AppDomain]::CurrentDomain.GetAssemblies()


    ForEach ($Assembly in $LoadedAssemblies) {

        if ($Assembly.FullName -and ($Assembly.FullName.Split(',')[0] -eq $ModuleName)) {

            return $Assembly

        }

    }


    $DynAssembly = New-Object Reflection.AssemblyName($ModuleName)

    $Domain = [AppDomain]::CurrentDomain

    $AssemblyBuilder = $Domain.DefineDynamicAssembly($DynAssembly, 'Run')

    $ModuleBuilder = $AssemblyBuilder.DefineDynamicModule($ModuleName, $False)


    return $ModuleBuilder

}



$Mod = New-InMemoryModule -ModuleName Win32


# all of the Win32 API functions we need

$FunctionDefinitions = @(

    (func netapi32 NetShareEnum ([Int]) @([String], [Int], [IntPtr].MakeByRefType(), [Int], [Int32].MakeByRefType(), [Int32].MakeByRefType(), [Int32].MakeByRefType())),

    (func netapi32 NetWkstaUserEnum ([Int]) @([String], [Int], [IntPtr].MakeByRefType(), [Int], [Int32].MakeByRefType(), [Int32].MakeByRefType(), [Int32].MakeByRefType())),

    (func netapi32 NetSessionEnum ([Int]) @([String], [String], [String], [Int], [IntPtr].MakeByRefType(), [Int], [Int32].MakeByRefType(), [Int32].MakeByRefType(), [Int32].MakeByRefType())),

    (func netapi32 NetApiBufferFree ([Int]) @([IntPtr])),

    (func advapi32 OpenSCManagerW ([IntPtr]) @([String], [String], [Int])),

    (func advapi32 CloseServiceHandle ([Int]) @([IntPtr])),

    (func wtsapi32 WTSOpenServerEx ([IntPtr]) @([String])),

    (func wtsapi32 WTSEnumerateSessionsEx ([Int]) @([IntPtr], [Int32].MakeByRefType(), [Int], [IntPtr].MakeByRefType(),  [Int32].MakeByRefType())),

    (func wtsapi32 WTSQuerySessionInformation ([Int]) @([IntPtr], [Int], [Int], [IntPtr].MakeByRefType(), [Int32].MakeByRefType())),

    (func wtsapi32 WTSFreeMemoryEx ([Int]) @([Int32], [IntPtr], [Int32])),

    (func wtsapi32 WTSFreeMemory ([Int]) @([IntPtr])),

    (func wtsapi32 WTSCloseServer ([Int]) @([IntPtr])),

    (func kernel32 GetLastError ([Int]) @())

)


# enum used by $WTS_SESSION_INFO_1 below

$WTSConnectState = psenum $Mod WTS_CONNECTSTATE_CLASS UInt16 @{

    Active       =    0

    Connected    =    1

    ConnectQuery =    2

    Shadow       =    3

    Disconnected =    4

    Idle         =    5

    Listen       =    6

    Reset        =    7

    Down         =    8

    Init         =    9

}


# the WTSEnumerateSessionsEx result structure

$WTS_SESSION_INFO_1 = struct $Mod WTS_SESSION_INFO_1 @{

    ExecEnvId = field 0 UInt32

    State = field 1 $WTSConnectState

    SessionId = field 2 UInt32

    pSessionName = field 3 String -MarshalAs @('LPWStr')

    pHostName = field 4 String -MarshalAs @('LPWStr')

    pUserName = field 5 String -MarshalAs @('LPWStr')

    pDomainName = field 6 String -MarshalAs @('LPWStr')

    pFarmName = field 7 String -MarshalAs @('LPWStr')

}


# the particular WTSQuerySessionInformation result structure

$WTS_CLIENT_ADDRESS = struct $mod WTS_CLIENT_ADDRESS @{

    AddressFamily = field 0 UInt32

    Address = field 1 Byte[] -MarshalAs @('ByValArray', 20)

}


# the NetShareEnum result structure

$SHARE_INFO_1 = struct $Mod SHARE_INFO_1 @{

    shi1_netname = field 0 String -MarshalAs @('LPWStr')

    shi1_type = field 1 UInt32

    shi1_remark = field 2 String -MarshalAs @('LPWStr')

}


# the NetWkstaUserEnum result structure

$WKSTA_USER_INFO_1 = struct $Mod WKSTA_USER_INFO_1 @{

    wkui1_username = field 0 String -MarshalAs @('LPWStr')

    wkui1_logon_domain = field 1 String -MarshalAs @('LPWStr')

    wkui1_oth_domains = field 2 String -MarshalAs @('LPWStr')

    wkui1_logon_server = field 3 String -MarshalAs @('LPWStr')

}


# the NetSessionEnum result structure

$SESSION_INFO_10 = struct $Mod SESSION_INFO_10 @{

    sesi10_cname = field 0 String -MarshalAs @('LPWStr')

    sesi10_username = field 1 String -MarshalAs @('LPWStr')

    sesi10_time = field 2 UInt32

    sesi10_idle_time = field 3 UInt32

}




$Types = $FunctionDefinitions | Add-Win32Type -Module $Mod -Namespace 'Win32'

$Netapi32 = $Types['netapi32']

$Advapi32 = $Types['advapi32']

$Kernel32 = $Types['kernel32']

$Wtsapi32 = $Types['wtsapi32']


Threat Library - Snake Keylogger

Snake Keylogger

---------------------------------------------------

date: 5/5/2021

delivery: Unknown

persistence: scheduled Task, \Updates\SPjSKjh, c:\users\<userid>\appdata\roaming\spjskih.exe

capabilities (per memory strings): Keylogger (KeyDown, KeyboardState, StartKeyLogger), Credential Theft (UCBrowser, Vivaldi, Thunderbird, etc.)

c2s: unknown

identification method: filname similar to previous (vbc.exe) and other patterns match like re-launch EXE after 1min45sec, smtp type c2 possible, etc.

special notes: .net executable, starts execution at about ~14 to 15mb initially, waits about 1 min 45 seconds, then relaunched itself, new pid, 2nd executable waits several minutes to do anything, then checks for credentials (chrome, qqbrowser, ultravnc, thunderbird, waterfox, etc.) through disk and registry, in memory strings on 2nd end up including the credential theft, also this appears to be "Agent Tesla" per all the other indicators I have, as well as API.Telegram.org connections and possible SMTP c2 with email address, so I think this is some kind of Agent Tesla/Snake Keylogger hybrid

samples: 

EXE - https://www.virustotal.com/gui/file/089d065fe8e39f8b19a726cb15ac216e352a5576f446c5fc38486f1fbb7a1d9c/detection

links: 

https://twitter.com/neonprimetime/status/1389964247942279168

screenshots: 













---------------------------------------------------


Kali Printer Spoofing Mac Address Changing

1- Oracle Virtual Boxed

2- Bridged Network Adapter

3- macchanger -m [printer mac address] eth0

4-ifconfig eth0 down

5-ifconfig eth0 up


Thursday, April 29, 2021

Threat Library - Agent Tesla

 Agent Tesla

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date: 5/5/2021

delivery: Unknown

persistence: scheduled Task, \Updates\SPjSKjh, c:\users\<userid>\appdata\roaming\spjskih.exe

capabilities (per memory strings): Keylogger (KeyDown, KeyboardState, StartKeyLogger), Credential Theft (UCBrowser, Vivaldi, Thunderbird, etc.)

c2s: unknown

identification method: filname similar to previous (vbc.exe) and other patterns match like re-launch EXE after 1min45sec, smtp type c2 possible, etc.

special notes: .net executable, starts execution at about ~14 to 15mb initially, waits about 1 min 45 seconds, then relaunched itself, new pid, 2nd executable waits several minutes to do anything, then checks for credentials (chrome, qqbrowser, ultravnc, thunderbird, waterfox, etc.) through disk and registry, in memory strings on 2nd end up including the credential theft, also this has "Snake Keylogger" inside it per strings, as well as API.Telegram.org connections and possible SMTP c2 with email address

samples: 

EXE - https://www.virustotal.com/gui/file/089d065fe8e39f8b19a726cb15ac216e352a5576f446c5fc38486f1fbb7a1d9c/detection

links: 

https://twitter.com/neonprimetime/status/1389964247942279168

screenshots: 













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date: 4/29/2021

delivery: email [Subject: New PO#422328, ISO (PO#0422328.pdf.iso) w/ EXE inside (PO#04222328.pdf.exe)]

persistence: startup registry entry (hkcu\software\microsoft\currentversion\run, gqxRqe, c:\users\<userid>appdata\roaming\gqxRqe\gqxRqe.exe)

capabilities (per memory strings): Keylogger (KeyDown, KeyboardState), Credential Theft (UCBrowser, Vivaldi, Thunderbird, etc.)

c2s: unknown

identification method: strings in memory matching previously seen ( %mailaddres%%password%%smtp%%toemail% )

special notes: .net executable, link to torproject.org download in .net code, code for webrequest and smtpclient, double file extension (PO#04222328.pdf.exe), starts execution at about ~14 to 15mb initially, waits about 1 min 45 seconds, then relaunched itself, new pid, 2nd executable waits several minutes to do anything, only gets to ~17mb or 18mb, then checks for credentials (chrome, qqbrowser, ultravnc, thunderbird, waterfox, etc.) through disk and registry, in memory strings on 2nd end up including the credential theft

samples: 

ISO - https://www.virustotal.com/gui/file/f07b343d5a7b752a5b396b06174428a66ab98d8bb28bf33e9ea911797c32af2d/detection

EXE - https://www.virustotal.com/gui/file/83bcf31fc0d06b39c6cce6bc074cde9033f5e378f0104da887ec3f924f73376a/detection

links: 

https://twitter.com/neonprimetime/status/1387837559531786243

screenshots: 










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 date: 10/13/2020

delivery: email [Subject: Request for Quotation, Link to DOC (http://107.173.219[.]56/document ), downloads EXE from same domain ( http://107.173.219[.]56/tmt.exe ), runs Equation Editor exploit (EQNEDT32.EXE)]

persistence: unknown

capabilities (per memory strings): unknown

c2s: smtp.yandex[.]ru

identification method: twitter replies

special notes: child processes of "vbc.exe" and "RegAsm.exe"

samples: 

DOC - https://app.any.run/tasks/0410129a-646d-4c19-8207-081679403171/

links: 

https://twitter.com/neonprimetime/status/1316107602942668800

screenshots: 








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Threat Library - Hagga / Aggah

 Hagga / Aggah

 date: 11/18/2020

delivery: email [Subject: Order-PO500-18, Attachment: .PPT Powerpoint creates scheduled task]

persistence: scheduled task "lunkicharkhi" that runs downloads VBS script inside blogspot url (madarjaaatresearchers.blogspot[.com/p/thirdsaint3.html) and runs it with MSHTA)

capabilities (per memory strings): unknown

c2s: unknown

special notes: Powerpoint, scheduled task that connects to blogspot url runs VBS with MSHTA

samples: 

PPT - https://app.any.run/tasks/c896710d-c2e3-4bba-ba7a-cf801e9544cf/

VB Script - https://app.any.run/tasks/f6b585e9-e906-4882-942c-1bfb6cca666d/

links: 

https://twitter.com/neonprimetime/status/1330905903562940427

screenshots: 


















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